Dogs, cats, horses, etc., could be very scared during a disaster.
After some disasters, pets should be tied up, put into a crate,
or kept in a closed section of the house until they can be calm enough to not run away out
of fear. Some situations may warrant keeping them under "protective custody" for an
extended period. There could be broken glass, live electrical wires, and spoiled food
out there - just to name a few dangers.
An open jar of mayonnaise is one example of a "tasty" threat to your cat or dog. It only takes a few hours for this to become lethal. It is a good idea to keep a bottle of ipecac syrup on hand to deal with this or other poisons. Just a little ipecac syrup spooned into the pet's throat will cause him to vomit out the poison.
Pets that are easily stressed might need tranquilizers, so you may want to talk to your veterinarian about getting some in advance. If your veterinarian does not want to let you get regular pet tranquilizers in advance, ask him if your pet would have any problems with Valerian (a natural tranquilizer for humans and animals) and what dose would be safe for him.
Those of you who live in an area where flooding is possible might want to keep a pet life jacket in your emergency kit. Most dogs and cats can swim (dogs with heavy bodies and short legs can't - like basset hounds), but for how long? It could be a long way in treacherous rapids and debris before they could find an escape route. The life jackets are bright yellow to allow your pet to be seen from a long distance, they have a grab handle so anyone could pull them out of the water easily, and they're incredible inexpensive. You may not be in a flood zone now, but would you be if terrorists or an earthquake destroyed a nearby dam?
A great "quick-escape" survival kit you can just grab and run would be kept in a backpack. You could also grab "Fido's" Dog Pack (which you keep filled with his survival essentials, including a collapsible water bowl for compact storage). Once you are both in a safe area, simply strap his backpack on so he can carry his own load - or get one large enough to carry some of your essentials also.
Dogs and cats should always wear an ID tag so that they can be returned to you if they do get lost in an emergency. You might even put a second phone number of a friend or relative in another neighborhood. Since ID tags can come off, an even better idea is to have a microchip placed under your pet's skin by a veterinarian.
Prior to an emergency (now) is the time to get all shots their up to date. Wild animals carrying rabies could come to your home looking for food after a disaster, and flood waters might bring diseases with them.
Our lists are pretty basic. However, if you have enough money and enough time to shop in advance, you can buy specialty items to get through the disaster in total comfort. Some examples are listed below.
With an electric generator, you may not be able to run all the lights
or appliance in your house. But, you could keep the refrigerator running. Then, you can
unplug the refrigerator for an hour while you prepare fresh, hot bread in a breadmaker.
You could even use your microwave oven, toaster, or toaster oven. If your generator can
power your radio at the same time as the refrigerator (generators come in different sizes),
you can save on batteries. Most generators emit fumes, so you would need
to keep it outdoors. If the weather is cool enough, you may be able to turn it off
completely while you sleep and run the refrigerator the rest of the time. Keeping the
refrigerator door closed will keep most food cool enough during this short period. Items
kept on the door should be checked to be sure that they did not reach room temperature.
If you were to keep mayonnaise in the refrigerator under these conditions, keep the jar
all the way in the back to keep it cool enough to stay safe.
One more good use for a generator is washing underclothes. You can wash these by hand. A generator could even run your washing machine - but that requires a lot of water. The Wonder Washer needs electricity, but it requires almost no water.
With enough money, you can find items to make your experience much less disastrous. That is, if you shop in advance.